Electromagnetic relays are generally composed of iron cores, coils, armatures, contact springs, and the like.
As long as a certain voltage is applied to both ends of the coil, a certain current flows in the coil, thereby generating an electromagnetic effect, and the armature will absorb the pulling force of the return spring against the iron core under the action of the electromagnetic force attraction, thereby driving the armature. The moving contact is in contact with the stationary contact (normally open contact). When the coil is de-energized, the electromagnetic suction force also disappears, and the armature returns to the original position in the reaction force of the spring, so that the movable contact and the original static contact (normally closed contact) are released. This is sucked and released, thereby achieving the purpose of turning on and off in the circuit. For the "normally open, normally closed" contacts of the relay, it can be distinguished as follows: a static contact that is in an open state when the relay coil is not energized, called a "normally open contact"; a static contact that is in an on state It is a "normally closed contact". Relays generally have two circuits, which are low voltage control circuits and high voltage working circuits.